Difference Between CSPM, CASB, CWPP, & CNAPP in Cloud Security


Sherin Job Varghese [Senior Manager, Sales - Cloud Solutions]

Posted: November 15, 2023

• 7 minutes, 15 seconds.

As organizations continue to migrate towards cloud environments, securing these virtual spaces becomes extremely important. Cloud security/cloud computing security is a collection of policies, technologies, and controls that work together to protect cloud-based systems, data, and infrastructure

As we dig deeper into this blog, we will explore four major categories of cloud security tools - CSPM, CASB, CWPP, and CNAPP - and highlight their unique features and capabilities.

Why is Cloud Security Important?

Cloud security is essential for several reasons:

  • Protects Sensitive Data: Ensures authorized access to secure and protect the sensitive data stored in the cloud.
  • Maintains Privacy: Helps in maintaining the privacy of users' data and ensures compliance with various regulations.
  • Prevents Data Breaches: Prevents unauthorized access and data breaches. If unprevented, it can be costly and damaging to an organization's reputation.
  • Provides Secure Access: Provides access to only authorized users to applications and data stored in the cloud.
  • Ensures Compliance with Regulations: Helps organizations meet stringent compliance requirements and follow best practices for data protection, privacy, and security in the cloud.

Next, we can break down the four different cloud security categories – CSPM, CASB, CWPP, and CNAPP – and walk through the key differences that separate them.

Useful Link: What is Cloud Security? Different Types of Cloud Security Services

What is Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM)?

CSPM tools are designed to identify misconfigurations and enforce security policies in cloud environments. They provide visibility into the cloud infrastructure and help maintain a strong security posture.

Examples: AWS Config, Azure Policy.

  1. What Problems Does CSPM Solve?

    • Identifying and rectifying misconfigurations: If not identified, these misconfigurations can expose the system to vulnerabilities.
    • Security compliance: Make sure that your cloud environment is compliant with various regulatory requirements.
    • Maintaining a strong security posture: This is achieved by the continuous monitoring of the cloud environment.
  2. CSPM: Core Features and Capabilities

    • Detects potential security threats e.g., unauthorized access attempts.
    • Ensures adherence to set standards and regulations e.g., GDPR or HIPAA.
    • Manages and controls system settings e.g., firewall rules or access permissions.
    • Addresses and resolves security breaches or events e.g., malware infections or data breaches.
  3. Limitation

    • No comprehensive security: Because CSPM primarily focuses on configuration and compliance.

What is Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB)?

CASB (Cloud Access Security Broker) solutions are designed to protect data and applications within cloud settings. These solutions are particularly valuable when users and devices outside of a company's internal network access these cloud resources.

Examples: McAfee Skyhigh, Netskope

  1. What Problems Does CASB Solve?

    • Prevents data loss.
    • Ensures the security of data transferred to and from cloud services.
    • Helps in maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements.
  2. CASB: Core Features and Capabilities

    • Offers clear insights into cloud application usage, e.g., monitoring user activity in SaaS applications.
    • Safeguards sensitive information in the cloud, e.g., encrypting data before it's stored.
    • Detects and neutralizes cloud-related threats, e.g., preventing unauthorized access to cloud applications.
    • Ensures cloud services adhere to industry regulations, e.g., maintaining data storage standards for GDPR.
    • The Data Loss Prevention (DLP) feature helps prevent the loss of sensitive information from the cloud, thereby safeguarding critical data assets.
    • CASBs manage who has access to what within cloud applications, ensuring that only authorized users can access sensitive information.
    • CASBs continuously monitor cloud services for potential security threats, quickly identifying and addressing any vulnerabilities.
    • Encryption is a key feature of CASBs, ensuring that data is securely encoded and protected while in transit and at rest in cloud environments.
    • CASBs can discover and manage unsanctioned IT solutions, often called "Shadow IT," within an organization.
    • They play a crucial role in enforcing regulatory compliance, ensuring that cloud services meet the necessary legal and regulatory standards.
  3. Limitation

    • Cloud services latency: The intermediary nature of CASBs can sometimes slow down access to cloud services.

What is a Cloud Workload Protection Platform (CWPP)?

CWPPs focus on protecting the workloads running in the cloud, irrespective of where they are located.

Examples: Symantec Cloud Workload Protection, Trend Micro Deep Security

  1. What Problems Does CWPP Solve?

    • Protects against vulnerabilities in workloads.
    • Ensures workloads comply with regulatory standards.
    • Provides security across various environments, including on-premises, virtual, and cloud.
  2. CWPP: Core Features and Capabilities

    • Identifies and rectifies system weaknesses, e.g., patching software vulnerabilities.
    • Safeguards network traffic and infrastructure, e.g., implementing firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
    • Ensures system configurations and components remain unaltered, e.g., verifying system files haven't been tampered with.
    • Observes and analyzes system and user activity for anomalies, e.g., detecting unusual access patterns that might indicate a breach.
  3. Limitation

    • No Complete Cloud Security: CWPPs are focused on workloads, and there might be aspects of cloud security they don't cover.

What is a Cloud-Native Application Protection Platform (CNAPP)?

CASB (Cloud Access Security Broker) solutions are designed to protect data and applications within cloud settings. These solutions are particularly valuable when users and devices outside of a company's internal network access these cloud resources.

Examples: McAfee Skyhigh, Netskope

  1. What Problems Does CNAPP Solve?

    • Helps in identifying and rectifying misconfigurations in cloud-native applications.
    • Protects against vulnerabilities across the application lifecycle.
    • Ensures compliance with various regulatory standards.
  2. CNAPP: Core Features and Capabilities

    • Safeguards applications and data across cloud environments, e.g., defending against malicious activities targeting cloud-based applications.
    • Oversees and ensures proper system settings, e.g., making sure cloud environments are set up correctly to avoid potential threats.
    • Identifies and mitigates software and system weaknesses, e.g., patching up known software vulnerabilities.
    • Checks and ensures adherence to industry regulations and standards, e.g., verifying that cloud setups meet GDPR or HIPAA requirements.
  3. Limitation

    • Complex to set up and manage: This is due to the comprehensive nature of CNAPP solutions.

CSPM vs. CASB vs. CWPP vs. CNAPP: A Comparison

Primary Function Identifies misconfigurations, ensures compliance Intermediary to enforce security policies Protects cloud workloads Combines capabilities of CWPP and CSPM
Deployment Model Cloud-based Cloud-based/On-premises Cloud-based/On-premises Cloud-based
Use Cases Configuration management, compliance monitoring Secure access to cloud services, data security Workload protection, vulnerability management Comprehensive cloud-native application protection
Key Features Risk identification, compliance monitoring Visibility, data security, threat protection Vulnerability management, network security Workload protection, configuration management, vulnerability management

Which One Should You Choose: CSPM, CASB, CWPP, or CNAPP?

The choice between CSPM, CASB, CWPP, and CNAPP depends on your organization's specific needs and cloud security requirements. For comprehensive cloud-native application protection, CNAPP might be the best choice, while CASB could be more suitable for ensuring secure access to cloud services. CWPP is ideal for protecting cloud workloads, and CSPM is crucial for maintaining a strong security posture through configuration management and compliance monitoring.

How Gsoft Cloud Helps to Ensure Your Organization's Security?

Gsoft Cloud delivers some of the best cloud security services in the industry, ensuring your organization's security through a comprehensive suite of advanced features. It integrates seamlessly with AWS Services for superior monitoring capabilities and includes an in-built protection layer for quick threat detection and response. With its comprehensive security measures, Gsoft Cloud covers build, workload, and infrastructure security, ensuring all aspects of your cloud environment are safeguarded.

Gsoft Cloud integrates a multitude of advanced features to safeguard your digital assets:

  • Integration with AWS Services: Utilizes next-generation AWS cloud-native services like Control and Security Hub for enhanced monitoring.
  • In-built Protection: Incorporates an inherent security layer, enabling rapid threat detection and response.
  • Comprehensive Security Measures: Offers build security, workload security (which encompasses secure deployment, policy checks, and regular audits), and infrastructure security.
  • DevOps Advantage: Incorporates DevOps to pinpoint vulnerabilities early, ensuring rapid resolution and secure CI/CD pipelines.
  • Infosec Controls: Incorporates role-based access control (RBAC), multi-factor authentication (MFA), and regular scans for threats, complemented by timely mitigation strategies.
  • Data Governance: Ensures rigorous data handling practices from access controls to regulatory compliance, complemented by data replication for disaster recovery.
  • Privacy Protocols: Employs a specialist team of certified professionals for platforms like AWS, Azure, and GCP. They conduct privacy impact assessments and ensure PII protection through robust security and data retention protocols.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Infrastructure meets international standards, including PCI-DSS, HIPAA/HITECH, FedRAMP, and GDPR.
  • 24/7 Support: Offers round-the-clock reliable customer support.
  • Dedicated Team Support: Personalized assistance ensures tailored solutions for individual organizational needs.

Want a detailed discussion on how Gsoft Cloud can help you? Contact our team.


Securing cloud environments is more crucial than ever because of the strong emphasis given to digital transformation. By understanding the key differences between CSPM, CASB, CWPP, and CNAPP, organizations can make informed decisions to ensure robust cloud security. Whether it's maintaining compliance, ensuring secure access, protecting workloads, or securing cloud-native applications, there's a solution tailored to meet every need. Utilizing the right tools and expertise, organizations can confidently navigate the cloud and harness its full potential.


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